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COVID-19

COVID-19

Covid-19 Europe map

Overview

COVID-2019 stands for Corona Virus Disease - 2019 (the year of virus apparition)

The disease appeared in the region WUHAN from China, in December 2019 and was found that it was transmited from animals to human(?).

The virus is contagious and is transmited on the following ways:

  • by air on a 2 metre distance and more(by cough or sneeze);
  • by direct contact (hahdshakes or hugs);
  • by contact with contaminated objects.

The disease affects lungs, liver and kidneys of the persons with low immunity.

From this category makes part:

  • all age categories but especially the persons with age greater than 65 years olds;
  • persons with chronic diseases.

Persons with good immunity, if they are contaminated, either do a type of flu, or are asymptomatic but they are carrying the virus.

A special danger is the case when contaminated person does not show any symptom (is asymptomatic) and spreads the virus, without to know about this.

The disease affects respiratory ways and lungs (the entering gate of the virus), the liver, kidneys etc.

Symptoms

COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

Most common symptoms

COVID-19 usually begins with moderate fever and night sweats, dry cough and tiredness.

Less common symptoms

  • aches and pains;
  • nasal congestion;
  • sore throat;
  • diarrhoea;
  • conjunctivitis;
  • headache;
  • loss of taste or smell;
  • a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes.

Serious symptoms

Appear to the persons with low immunity with chronic illness and these can be:

  • difficulty breathing or shortness of breath;
  • chest pain or pressure;
  • loss of speech or movement.

In case you have serious symptoms do not hesitate to call to 112.

Incubation period

On average it takes 5–6 days from when someone is infected with the virus for symptoms to show, however it can take up to 14 days.

By the absence of a good defence of the body at the people with low immunity, the disease evolves dramatically by distroing the respiratory ways and of the lungs and cummulating fluid in them, leading in the end to the death of the patient. According to the World Health Organisation the elders people and those with severe health issues like as cardiovascular, diabetes, chronic respiratory diseases and cancer are most likely to develop serious disease.

Prevention methods

In order to prevent infection and to slow transmission of COVID-19, are recommended the following methods:

  • self isolation od the persons within the communities with COVID-19 cases - this method conduct to contamination prevention for healthy persons;
  • very good personal higiene - washing hands regularly with soap and water, or clean them with alcohol-based hand rub and avoid touching your face;

  • maintain at least 3 metre distance between you and people coughing or sneezing;
  • wear masks in close spaces with people;
  • correct cover your mouth and nose when coughing or sneezing;
  • stay home if you feel unwell;
  • refrain from smoking and other activities that weaken the lungs;
  • practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large groups of people;
  • stimulate individual immunity, by a diverse diet and taking polivitamines;
  • individual sport activities.

Treatment methods

For now there are several vaccines in use and for two of them WHO issued Emergency Use Listing (EUL) starting on December 31st, 2020. See more information about vaccines in use on WHO page.

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Last modified: February 28th, 2021.

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